When Your Septic Tank Needs Cleaning
The very concept of indoor plumbing is an old one, and in the days of the Roman Empire, lead-coated pipes could carry water for households, and plumbing carried water to and from Rome’s famed bath houses. Today’s plumbing is more advanced, naturally, and public utilities and sewage treatment plants allow clean and dirty water alike to flow exactly where it’s needed. Most American properties are connected to these utilities, but around 25% of American homes instead make good use of septic tanks and septic systems, right there on their grounds. Often, these properties are too remote to access public works, so they rely on those self-sufficient septic disposal systems. While these septic systems are reliable and don’t need human input to function, septic tank pumping and repair must be done every so often. A rural homeowner can look up “septic tank companies near me” to find help.
Operation of a Septic System
So, how does a typical septic system operate, anyway? To begin with, dirty water is flushed from the house and through various pipes, where all of it is brought to the property’s large underground septic tank. Such a tank can store a few days’ worth of water at once, and inside, bacteria colonies will start breaking down organic waste. Particles will settle to the bottom and form a thick sludge, while fats and oils will float to the water’s top, leaving relatively clean water in between. This process may take two or three days to complete.
At this point, the partially cleaned water will pass through a filter grate for further cleaning, and it will flow deeper into the system, through a series of branching pipes. These pipes are found just under the soil’s surface, and they have nozzles and holes that allow the water to leach right out, in the leaching field. When that water leaks through loose gravel, soil, and bacteria colonies, it becomes cleaner still, and is now able to re-enter the natural water cycle. This completes the septic process. When, then, should a homeowner look up “septic tank companies near me” for help? What might go wrong?
Finding Local Septic Companies for Help
A homeowner can look up “septic tank companies near me” online and find a few local businesses, then compare then and hire one for the job. As for why, these septic crews are vital for emptying out the septic tank every so often so it can keep functioning. After all, the sludge that builds up in the tank cannot leave, so it continues to build up over time. The homeowner can insert a long stick (a “sludge judge”) to measure how full the tank has become. Once that tank is one third to half full of sludge, the owner should call over a pumping service to help.
These workers will arrive with a large truck, and they will dig up the septic tank and open its hatch. Now, the workers will attach a wide hose from the truck and use pumps to draw up all the waste matter inside, which is collected in a tank on the truck. Once the septic tank is emptied out, the hatch is closed and buried, and the truck leaves. This may be done every few years or so to keep the tank empty. What is more, a homeowner can look up “septic tank companies near me” to find repair and replacement crews for a faulty tank. A very old septic tank, such one that is 20 years old or more, may start leaking, so it should be unearthed and swapped out for a new one.
Meanwhile, the filter grate in that tank may end up getting clogged, in which case it should be cleaned off, or it is damaged and has holes, and it should be swapped out for a new one right away. The pipes in the drainage field are liable to become clogged with hardened waste and particles over time, restricting their water flow, so workers can be hired to dig up those pipes and scour their insides clean with pressurized water. It should be noted that not motor vehicles should drive across the drainage field, since their weight will compress the soil and gravel and thus block off the water draining process.